Kunama Ngela Latta Damane:-


Ffa. 1

LATTI LATTA KORNELIOS ÁDOLAY OSMANtana, latti latta ollietana:

Tamma, nna baddala koiotema lattena kosamaki, Kunama ngela aure/hede , fogadabu melatta gommoae derngam masonangamma ekotule. Nna lattangena, latteatte saun kentiki fogade ketake.

Nna anala malatta masasamoa kokala, Kunama ngela aura arte, o mekosasa metakki takabbu, tabiliabu melattana heske, o Kunama sarie kokala, fogada kishaiana, auibu, makotokonomokoabbu malatta makamuia“, oina hedea; lakin, Kunama kisha tamfedesi ame kokala kosasabbunumeki“, kotokonokabbu“ malatta gomamoa kokala kelatta kekada mudameki; euibu maidabu kokosasaki, otakki tabiliabu kolatta kokotokono.


Kunama Ngela Aure, /Hede), lattala kokotakema fogade:

1)-. Kunama ngela alfabetitte nafodaka:

Kokalasi: W = uu;

Y = i;

2)-. Tukunina alfabeta matome, Kunama ngela alfabetenume;

Kokalasi:

Ć = ch;



Ń = ng;

IPA = Nnae, International Phonetic

Alphabeteditta, Kunama ngela

alfabetenume.

Oinabu, Kunama ngela Aure/Hede

lattala okontinadadanume

3)-.; Kokalasi: Gn; gna; gnagnuma;

gnongoda;

(Tillana ngela kokala:

lagnare, legna, bagno, pugno

4)-. Talabu kokidama alfabeta:

Kokalasi:nna; nnakegeda; nnalle;


5).- Tenggene: okotenggenema aurette

ellala kokolattana;

Kokalasi: na-kos-ke; nakoske;

na-ina-ke = nainake;

na-ming-ke = namingka;

6)-. ngk: gorongorabu kokkidame:

ngka; ngke; ngkalle; ngkaddi; ngkedibu;


 

Ffa. 2

Kunama Ngela Aure, (Hede), shongki Kunama ngela alfabetokebu nilattamme okosimme oinabu, tukunina alfabete kosano, Kunama ngela alfabetitte nafodaka kishano kogoshamme; ide nna computerbu nilattamala haiokomesuna.

Tama, nne, Kunama ngela Aure/Hede lattana, kosadana;

Nna Kiddadedabu“ kolattama lattena, aura mintebu kokolattama lattoae udumaliabu, manatia aishinosuma kokelasi kasa kishona


Kiddade:

Minta latte:

Udumala latte:

1)-. Kd.;

1-da.,

artd.;

agst.;

ant.;

Kida

ellidda;

artidda;

agasatenggena;

anatenggena;


2)-. kdud.;

kkdud.;

inkdud.;

ulkdud.,

agst.;

ant.;


Kiduda;

kakiduda;

inakiduda;

ulakiduda;

agasatenggena;

anatenggena;


3)-. Hd.,

1-da;;

artd.;;

agst.;

ant.:


Heda;

ellidda

artidda

agasatenggena;

antenggena;


4)-.Tfa. ;

1-da.;

artd.;

agst.;

ant.,


Tafa;

ellidda;

artidda

agasatenggena;

anatenggena;

5)-. Aurafuna.; aurfna.;

a)-.abr./mnt./sbb.,aurfna.;

b)-. fnk., aurafna.;

ch).- slb./aurfna.,

d)-. tbl., aurfna.,

Aurfna:

abbara/manata/sababa aurafuna;

fanake aurafna;

suluba aurafuna;

tabila aurafuna;

e)-. uag., aurfna.,

uaga aurfna.;

Ffa. 3

Minta latte

Udumala Latte:

6)-. Aur.;

Aura:

Aur., Blk

Aura Buluka;

B1-na; aur.;

Buluka Ekkena Aura;

B2-ma.,aur.;

Buluka Abarma Aura;

Aur:; Tbl.;

Aura Tabile;

Aur.. Jns:

Aura Jinise;

Aur., Fnk,.

Aura Fanake;

Aur.; Drngd;

Aura Derngada;

Shsm., Aur.;

Shasuma Aura;

Shmm., aur.;

Shasumma Aura;

Fnkn., aur.;

Fanakina Aura;

Fnkt., aur.;

Fanakitta Aura;

Ism., aur., gt./mn.:

Isanama Aura Gata/Mena

Ismm., aur., gt.,/mn.,

Isanamma Aura Gata/Mena;

Aur., Klt.;

Aura Kulatenggena


Aur., Agst.;

Aura Agasatenggena;


Aur., Ant.;

Aura Anatenggena;


    M. A. (Maida abbareda):

    Ngela damane kosadala, aurella/hedella jinisa aishibessa nokosasa

    nitakki, kidiabu nikidana:

    Kokalasi:

    kidale kishaia, kidannuna, kidudannuna, tafannuna …hednnuna ...

    Nna ngelella Grammar, tama Kunama Ngela Grammardimena“ kokala:

Oinabudea, nna ngela damanenae kosad godima.

Aurella/hedella, jinisia aishinodoa takasi, tamma nna “KIDDADEdabbu“ kolattama lattenalle nitena.

Tama kokalasi masogomama kosadena ketarbiki fogade kekotule; etakki, tamma kulabbu,

bubingnge tabilellokabu kalattana hemuia, mikas fogamme.

Ffa. 4

Kokalasi:

Latte:

Tenggene:

Tenggenina

Latte Kosada:

Tenggenitta

Latte Kosada

Kosada:

Eritrea



lg., udkd. tfa.;

Kunama



kshr., udkd.;

Koibisha



hd., 1-da.;

Dimokrata



tfa.,!-da.;

Sungada



hd., 1-da.,

Erkukodisu



tfa.; 1-da.;

Agastana



kd., 1-da.,

Komita



kd., ,1-da:

uie



hd., artd.,

sattesi

satte-ta

satte-:tkld., kld., tfa.,

1-da.;

ta; tfa., ant.;


kiggasuma

kigga-su-ma

ki-: ka., 3-ta., 1-da.;

gga-: aut., agst.;

su-: aur.,, agst.;

ma; aur., ant.;


summadia

summad-ia

summad-: hd.,

ia-: aur., agst.;/inkud.;


issega



hd., 1-da.;

abarma



ssdr., kld., tfa.;

batafalabbu

batafala-bu

batafala-: B1-na., aur.,

bu; aur., ant.,


tillasumoa

tilla-su-moa

tilla-: B2-ma., aur.,

su-: agst.;

moa; aur., ,antr.;


Erkukodisu



Blk., udkd.;

ishtadana

ishtada-na

ishtada-: hd., 1-da.;

na; ant.;


propagandana

propganda-na

propaganda-: hd., 1- da.;

na; hd., ant.;


fishshakin

fishsha-kin

fishsha-: kd.; 1-da.;

kin; ant.;


Ffa. 5

Latte:

Tenggene:

Tenggenina Latte

Kosada:

Tenggenitta Latte Kosada:

koitema

ko-ite-ma

ko-: ka., 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.;

ite-: B1-na., aur.,

ma; aur., ant.;


kabaroa

kabar-oa

kabar-: hd., 1-da.,

oa; aur.; ant.;


ossoske.

osso-s-ke

osso-: B2-ma;

s-:aur., agst.;

ke; aur., ant.;


Erkukodisu



Blk., udkd.,

Agastana



kd., 1-da./tfa.;

Komita



kd., 1-da.;

tela



kd., ,1-da.;

Ui a

ta


angngodena,

dangngode-na

dangngode-: B-2-ma.;

aur.,

na; aur., ant.;


bukunadena,

bukunade-na

bukunade-: B2-ma., aur.;

na; ant.;


sasabbu

sasa-bbu

sasa-: tfa., 1-da.;

bu; tfa.,, ant.;


kintiki,

ki-nti-ki

k-: ka., 3-ta., 1-da.; aur.,

drngd., klt.,

int-:B1-na.; aur.;

ki; ant.,


idarmaki,

i-darma-ki

i-: ka., 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.,

darma-: B1-na.;

ki; aur.,, ant-.


 

Ffa. 6

Latte:

Tenggene:

Tenggenine

Kosada:

Tenggenitte

Kosada:

medania

medan-ia

medan-: kd., 1-da.;

ia kd., ant.;


kidoromoa

ki-doro-moa

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.;

doro-: B1-na.; aur.;

moa; aur., ant.;


baddala

badda-la

badda-: uag., aurfna.;

la; aurfna., ant.;


Erkukodisu



Blk., udkd.,

Agastana



tfa., 1-da.

Komita



kd.,1-da.;

summadia

summad-ia

summad-: kd., 1-da.;

ia; kd., ant.;


issega



hd., 1-da.;

abarma




batafalabbu

batafala-bbu

batala-: hd., 1-da.;

bbu; hd., ant.;




tillaske.

tilla-s-ke

tilla-: B2-ma., aur.;

s-: aur., agst.;

ke; antt.;


Sahabia



tfa., 1-da.;

usula



hd.; 1-da.;

Eritrea



tfa.; 1-da.;

agaralana

agara-la--na

agara-: kd., 1-da.,

la-: kd., agst.;

na; ant.;


shadiabbu

shd-ia-bbu

shad-: tbl., aurfna.,

ia-; aurfna., agst.;

bu; aurfna., ant.;


Kunama



tfa.,1-da.;

agarala

agara-la

agara-: kd., 1-da.;

la; kd., ant.;


kele




 

Ffa. 7

Latte:

Tenggene:

Teggenina Latte Kosada:

Tenggenitta Latte Kosada:

gosuma

go-su-ma

go-: B2-ma., aur.;

su-: aur., agst.;

ma; aur., ant.;


hira



Heda, 1-da.;

lausuma

lau-su-ma

lau-: B2-ma., aure.;

su-: aur., agst.;

ma; aur., ant.;


menggeloae

menggelo-ae

mengelo-: hd., artd.;

ae; ant.;


kosas

kosa-s

kosa-: B2-ma., aur.;

s; aur., ant.;


kidarmaki

ki-darma-ki

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.; aur.,

drngd., klt.;

darma-; aur., Bb.;

ki; aur., ant.;


oshshalia

oshshal-ia

oshshal-: hd., 1-da.;

ia; hd., ant./inkdud.;


kishoke.

ki-sho-ke.

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da., aur., drngd.;

klt.,

sho-: B1-na., aut.;

ke; aur., ant.;


Okodoka

Okodo-ka

Okodo-: tbl.,. aurfna.;

ka; aurfna., ant.;


Erkukodidisu



Blk udkd., /tfa.; 1-da.;

diba



hd.;, 1-da.;

tummada



kd., 1-da.;

akussuma



ssdr., tfa., 1-da.;

kulabbu

kula-bbu;

kula-: fnk., aufna.;

bbu; aurfna., ant.;


kishirgama

ki-shirga-ma

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da., aur.;

drngd., klt.;

shirga-: B1-na., aur.;

ma; ant.;


 

Ffa. 8

Latte:

Tenggene:

Tengenina Latte Kosada:

Tenggenittta Latte Kosada:

kitalalike.

ki-talali-ke:

ki-: ka 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.;

talali-: B1-na.;

ke; aur., ant.;




Higdef

Blk., udkd.; tfa.,1-da.;

usula



hd., 1-1da.;

Kunama



tfa., 1-da.;

matarebena

matarebe-na

matarebe-: hd., 1-da.;

na;


komite



hd., artd.;

bubie



tfa., 1.da.;

katirabbu

katira-bu

katira-;hd., 1-da.;

bu; ant.;


tillammoa

tilla-mm-oa

tilla-: B2-ma., aur.,

mm-: aur., agst.;

oa; ant.;


koitemoa

ko-ite-moa

ko-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.; aur.;

drngd., klt.;

ite-: B1-na.;

moa; ant.;


kittitoa

kittit-oa

kittit-: kd., 1-da.;

oa; ant.;


kalma



tfa.., 1-da.;

tiriba



hd.; 1-da.;

kishamoana

ki-sha-moa-na

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da., aur.;

drngd., klt.;

sha-: B1-na., aur.;

moa-: aur., agst.;

na; aur., ant.;


 

Ffa.. 9

Latte;

Tenggene:

Tenggenina Latte

Kosada:

Tenggenitta Latte

Kosada:

agarasi

agara-si

agara-: kd., 1-da.;

si; kd., ant.;


Erritrea



tfa.; 1-da.;

koibisha



tfa.,1-da.;

bachasina

bachasi-na

bacha-: hd., 1-da.;

si-: hd., agst.;

na; hd., ant.;


lagoa

lag-oa

lag-: kd., 1-da.;

oa; kd., ant.;


konandasi

konanda-si

konanda-: B2-ma., aur.;

si; aur., ant.;


osamiette

o-: sa-mie-tte;

o-: ka, 3-ta., artd., aur.;

aur., drngd., klt.,;

sa-mie-: aur., agst.;

tte ; aur., ant.;


shukia

shuk-ia

shuk-: hd., 1-da.;

ia; hd., ant.;


jabisumma

jabi-su-mma

jabi-: B2-ma., aur.;

su-; agst.;

mma; aur., ant.;


kokala



kkl., tfa., 1-da.;

kibing

ki-bing

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da., aur.

drngd., klt.;

bing; aur., ant.;


kishoki

ki-sho-ki

ki-: ka, 3-ta.; 1-da.; klt.;

sho-: B1-na., aur.;

ki; aur., ant.;


Kunama



tfa., 1-da.;

tamfeda



kd., 1-da.;

targaski

targa-s-ki

targa-: B2-ma., aur.;

s-: aur., agst.;

ki; aur., ant.;


furdiana,

furd-ia-na

furd-: hd., 1-da.;

ia-aur., agst.;

na; aur., ant.;


Ffa. 10

Latte:

Tenggene:

Tenggenina Latte

Kosada:

Tenggenitta Latte

Kosada:

ngeliana,

ngel-ia-na

ngel-: hd., 1-da.;

ia-: hd., agst.;

na; hd., ant.;


akkabes

akkabe-s

akkabe-: B2-ma., aur.;

s; aur., ant.;


kikannimasi

ki-ka-nni-ma-si

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.; aur.,

drgnd., klt.;

ka-nni-ma.; aur., agst.;

si; aur., ant.;


ushumbure,



B2-ma.; aur.;

kilankashi,

ki-langkashi

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.;

langkashi; B1-na., aur.;


kolaki

k-ola-ki

k-: ka., 3-ta., au., drngd;

klt.;

ola-; B1-na.;

ki; aur., ant.;


kosasa



hd., 1-da.;

goddoallena

godd-oa-lle-na

godd-: b2-ma., aur.;

oa-lle-: agst.;

na;ant.;


jola



kd., 1-da.;

kisha



tfa., 1-da.;

tarfosunasi

tarfo-su-na-si

tarfo-: B2-ma. Aur.,

su-na: aur., agst.;

si; ant.;


kasibos

kjsibo-s

kisibo-: B2-ma., aur.,

s; aur., ant.;


gosumoana

go-:su-moa-na

go-: B2-ma., aur.;

su-moa-: aur., agst.;

na; aur., ant.;


Erkulami

Er-ku-la-mi

Er-itrea: tfa., 1-da.;

laga-: tfa.,., 1-da.;

minta; hd., 1-da.;


igida



tfa., 1-da.;

masa



hd-.; 1-da.;

Ffa. 11

fardata

furda-ta

farda-: hd., 1-da.;

ta; ant.;


kifegeda

ki-fegeda

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.; aur.,

drngd., klt.,

fegeda-: B1-na., aur.;


kolaki

kola-ki

ko, 3-ta ., 1-da., aur.,

drngd.; klt.;

ola-; B1-na., aur.;

ki; aur., ant.;


kedibeta

ke-dibe-ta

ke, tfa., artd.,

dibe-: kd., artd.;

ta; ant.;


hules

hule-s

hule-: B2-ma; aur.;

s; aur., ant.;


kosima

kosi-ma

kosi-: B1-na.aur.;

ma; aur., ant.;


tamfedoa

tamfed-oa

tamfed-; kd., 1-da.;

oa; kd; kd., ant.;


kimamajiki

ki-mamaji-ki

ki-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.;

mamaji-: B1-na;

ki; ant.;


Eritrea



lg; udkd.;

kasakata

kasaka-ta

kasaka-:uag.; aurfna.;

ta; anmt.;


kutuda



B2-ma, aur.;

gosumoa

go-su-moa

go-: B2-ma., aur.;

su-: aur.; B2-ma.; agst.;

moa; aur., ant.;


abbaresuma

abbare-su-ma

abbare-: B2-ma., aur.;

su-: aur., agst.;

ma; ant.;


agastana




doggagosunasi

doggago-su-na-

agt;

si ; ant.;

doggago-: B2-ma., aur.,

su-na-: agst.,

si; aur., ant.;


koishishamoa

koi-shisha-moa

ko-:

ishisha-:

moa; ant.;


Ffa. 12

MA. (maida abbareda). Korneliois Adolay Osmantana, allatta

    ollietana.

    Nna Kunama ngela damana kosadangenae nikida nintima kulabbu, Kunama ngela damane lattiana nitalalina; ide fogadena nintina.Oinabbu, fogadekin nokosasana amanida mainake.

Kornelios Adolay Osman Linguistics“ nakoasasakeske, no, nna Kunama ngela damane lattala, tamata kokolatta gomme, Kunama kisha kodiae, scientific“ uabbu kintima, fogada kokolatta gongkeno, fegeda

kokogoshakeng gomma, aminno Adolay uala okontimmeno.

Ame abbareng gomamoabu, Kornelios Adolay ai ngelibbu´, Linguistics“ kosasabessa matakemme, ide Kunama ua kinamanume, Kunama uabbu kintimma, Kunama ngela damane, kilatta goske; ide fogadabbu kilatta gosumoa intigosumme. Oinabbu lattie, o auibu, fogada kosaiana,

nakotokonomokoabu nalatta nakaske, o nalatta gonamena, abasibu fogadanumesu. Lakin, lattie fogada kosamoa scientificallybu“, kokosasa kosono intike.


NB. This is the very last message we are sending to Kornelios Adolay Osman and to his associetes, writing in the Kunama language.

Take the message that the chance, for you, of learning the Grammar of the Kunama language had been when you were at school, as school children, and therefore now is the time that, you, either imitate the expert and learnt to write in a Kunama language, based on its right Grammar, or carry on writing in the wrong ways you are used to. Do remember, however, that it will be not long before the new method of learning to writing the Kunama language

Ffa. 13

according to its right Grammar, will be introduced in the Kunama school curriculum, and the Kunama school-children will get used to writing grammatically“.

It is therefore, up to you, weahter you want to carry on writng as usual, or shift to the new system of writing the Kunama language.

Sullumasi..

Pietro A. Hummad ( February 27, 2018)