KUNAMA GRAMMAR


Ffa. 1

Kunama Ngela Grammatika Kosada Kosasa:

 

I)-. Kunama ngela, kuname, bubingnge tabila ellokabu kalattanasi, Kunama ngela anada

kakosasa katakena kogoshake; oinabu, Kunama ngela anadiabu, tenggenebu konnema, kodoromana; tenggenebu kodamana; tenggenebu kolattanadadana.

 

II)-.Tenggene: aura kisha damingkishae; okotenggenemma, ngallia kosaia, manata

manata kishoma;


Ngela damanenae, laga sasa ngele bubie onnama damane:

 

Ime:

1)-. Kide; names; concrete nouns: e., g.: ita, tabila; aia; suba;

2)-. Kidude; aba, ena, unu, kime, ame; eme; ime; kime; ame; eme; ime;

3)-. Hede; abstract nouns: e., g.: laueta; sana; godda; susa; suda;

4)-. Tafe: hama; mema; haiokoma; taggima; gera; eteta;

5-. Aurafune: a)-.

b)-. Fanaka Aurafuna, ngkaddi: babara, tamma, sellasi;

ch)-. Abbara/Manata/Sabbata Aurafuna, aishisi: abbaria, manatia,

sabbatia;

d)-. Suluba Aurafuna, aishibbu: sandabu; masabbu; urbunanabbu;

e)-. Uaga Aurafuna: ngkalle: baddala; shuttala, olkomala; ;

f)-. Tabila Aurafuna: ngkedibu: takabbu, takittabu, tartibabbu;

g)-. Aure: kosa; ina; mina;

 

Kunama ngela anadiabu:

a)-. udabbuna;

b)-. mabbuna;

ch)-. talabbuna;

d)-. goronggorabbuna kodama; oijnabu lattoana okodoka kishanadada.

Kokalasi:

a)-.Udabbu kodama: ma; mabusa; bimbila; Barentu; Biara;

b)-. Mabbu kodama:jagaba; jiba; jejjera; jambila;

ch)-Talabbu kodama: .nna; nnassi; nnakeda; nnoka;

d)-. Goronggorabbu kodama: ngada; ngeda; ngora; ngonga;

III)-. Kunama ngela alfabeta maoikede, (vowels), okolattama kokaloka kokokidame;

ide ime kussumoke, (5): a/A; e/E; i/I; o/O; u/U;

Ff. 2

Ingglisa ngela alfabeta maoikede, Kunama ngelam innamme:

 

w/W; (uu); Kokalasi: window;

y/Y; '' duty/fly;

Nna alfabete barename, Kunama ngela alfabetenume; ide, Kunama ngela

kogoshamme, aishisi: “u“ ellokana, i“ ellokana kinnake;

oinabu , Kunama ngela, u u “ 2-na , “i“ abarmana kogoshamme.

IV)-. Tukune alfabetenumeki, alemate/milikkite/simbole,laga sasa ngele bubie nafong

kikame;

Ime:

Kokalasi:

Ć =

Ċa;

Ń =

Ńada

Ś =

Śaia;


M.A. (maida abbareda):

Kunama ngela, nna tukunenae udabbu, aurie, alfabeta shadiokebbu, shos kilatta

kikana;

Kokalasi:

cha;

ngada;

shaia;

V)-. Kunama ngela alfabeta matomena (consonants), okolattama kokaloka kokokidame;

ide imena shebanala sattoke, (13):

 

b/B.;

d/D.;

f/F.;

g/G.;

h/H.;

j/J

k/K

l/L

m/M.;

N/N.;

*r/R.;

s/S.;

t/T.;


Ffa. 3

Kunama ngela, nna alfabetenae kogoshama/kogoshana, Ingglisa ngelana, ngelellena

aure kilattamokala.

 

VI)-. Kunama ngela, aurie manata angngade, ola lattabu elloka kokolattaiana, ukuna

tikokabbu manatia kinatauana; oinabu auroae manata angngada kosama ,

lattabunumeki, ukuna tikabu , (accentbu), kinatauama.


Kokalasi:

 

aba, = I; àba = to conduct/lead;


-cha, = death; `cha = food;

-dada = neklace; /dada = help;


-foda = to talk excessively; <foda = to drill through;


-goda = to sit doiwn; /goda = kind of bush;


lila, (-lila) = oil;


lila, (li:la) = famine;


lila, (`lila) = to fasten tightly;


/ma = tooth; `ma = to love;


-sasa = to teach/to instruct; sa/sa = large/spacious;


<ta = dog; `ta = to put in/to

 

Ffa. 4

Nna, FACEBOOKla “16 DECEMBER 2017, ARTE MAILAM FBdab“ kolattama lattena, ola latti latta, “HAWA KABBADOda“ kokidama kishaiana, latti latta shadioa, Kornelios Adolay Osman ainioka kishama lattoakn keka kotakke; oinabu, unusi kodana aura ekkena:

aba siasatabu targanamandakin, aba ekkena ananga ngela Kunama lattoa nakosasaki, natakki targanakeda“; lakin, nna lattena kosam mantima kulabu, Kunama ngeloa latta kullu kullu nitakemma nishamoa kotakke.

Ame, lattea damanela fogada arte maniteke; Kunama ngela, aura nuda nokotokonomokoabbu nilatta gongkeditta, kosasa nokosasamabbunume; (scientifically ), Oinabu, Kunama ngela, kotokonokabbuditta kosasa nokosasa nitakema ninamme.

Scietifically“, manatia “Logically“.


Nna Kunama ngela damane kosadenalle manitema fogade:

1)-. Kunama ngela kodama kokala lattabuna okodoka kolattamma kishaia fogada;


2)-. Kunama ngela alfabetitte nafodaka fogada; e., g.: “W, = u, u“;

Y = i“;


3)-. Kunama ngela aure manata, ukuna tikabuditta ,(accentbuditta), lattabu

darabeda, fogada; oinabbu, ame malattamoa kikida kintiki, fogade kitake;

fogadange ninitea asasa.


4)-. “Tenggene“, okotenggenema auroaette ellala kokolattamma kishaia, fogada.

Nnalle, siasatea faloa alilimme, Kunama ngela ishamabu lattoaditta.

 

Ffa. 5

Kiddade:

Minta latte: Udumala latte:





kdud., 1-da.;



kdud., artd.;






Kiduda ellidda, (singular pronoun);

Kiduda artidda (plural pronoun);



hd., 1-da.;



hd., artd.;

Heda,(abstract noun), ellidda;

Heda, (abstract noun), artidda;



Tfa., 1-da.;



tfa., artd.;



Tafa elidda, (singular adjective);



Tafa artidda,(pluiral adjective);



aurfna.;



abr./mnt.,



sbt., aurfna



fnk., aurfna.;



uag., aurfna.;



tbl., ,aurfna.;



Aurafuna, (adfverb);

Abbareda/Manata, (adb´verb of reason)



Sabbata aurfna;e., g.: abbaria, manatia...



Fanaka aurfna, (adverb of time);



Uaga aurfna, (adverbof place)



Tabila aurfna, (adverb of manner/mode) ;

 

Ffa. 6

aur.

Aura, (verb);



B1-na.;



B2-ma.;



shsm., aur.;



shsmm., aur.;

ism., aur., gt./mn.;



ismm., aur.; gt./mn.;



Buluka ekkena aura, (Group-One verb);



Buluka abarma aura, Group-Two verb);



Shasuma aura,(transitive verb);



Shasumma aura, (intransitive verb);

(active form/voice);



Isanamma aura gata/mena; (passiive form/voice);

Ffa.7

Tama nnalle, Kunama ngela damane kosamaki, fogade manite masokema targada kinti:

Latte: Tenggene: Kosade:(language analyysis):

Ay

kosi-ma;

kosi-: B1-na., aur., shsmm.,

ismm., aur., gt./mn.;

ma; aur., ant.,

fanakala

fanaka-la;

fanaka-: hd., 1-da.

Kunama


shr., udkd.;

tummada


hd., 1-da.;

bagana


kd., 1-da.;

nano.

    na-no;

na-: kkl., tfa., 1-da.;

no;

Kunama


tfa., 1-da.;

samala

sama-la;

sama-: hd., 1-da.;

la; hd., ant.,

Kunama


tfa., 1-da.;

tummada


hd., 1-da.;

kosaladana,

kosalada-na

kosalada-: hd., 1-da.;

na; hd., ant.,;

komodana

komoda-na

komoda-: hd., 1-da.;

na; hd., a




Ffa.8

kiko

ki-ko

ki-: ka 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.,

ko: B1-na., aur.;

gosuma

go-su-ma

go-: B2-ma.,

su-: agst.;

ma; ant.

nano.

na-no

na-: kkl., tfa., 1-da.;

no; kkl., tfa., ant.;

inkano

ngka-no

ngka-: kkl-. Tfa., 1-da.;

no; tfa., an..;

osamiyette

o-sa-miye-tte;

o-: ka, 3-ta., aur., drngd., klt.;

sa-: B1-na., aur.,

mie-: au., agst.,/ka 3-ta.

artd.; inakud.;

tte; aur., ant.;

iwiki

i-ui-ki;

i-: ka 3-ta., 1-da.;

ui-: B1-na., aur.;

ki; au., ant.;

katak

ka-tak

ka-: ka, 1-na., artd.,

aur., drngd., klt.;

tak; B1-na., aur.;

kainamma

ka-ina-mma;

ka-: ka 1-na., artd.,

ina: B1-na;

mma; aur., ant.,

adabvette

adab-ie-tte;

adab-:hd., 1-da.;

ie-: hd-, agst.,

tte; ant.

kotaytaki

ko-taita-ki

ko-: ka, 3-ta., 1-da.;

taita-: B1-na.;

ki; aur., ant.;

Kunama


tfa., 1-da.;

tummadana

tummada-na;

tummada-: hd.1-da.;

dannodasiyla

dannoda-si ya-la;

dannoda-: hd.,1-da.;

siya-: hd., agst.;

la; hd., ant.,

baya


tfa., 1-da.;

 

Ffa.9

Latte: Tenggene: Kosade:

Kishana

ki-sha.na;

ki-: ka,3-ta., 1-da.,

nano

na-no-su-ma;

mayda

suma

''

kishana.

kokelossi

kokelo-ssi;

kokelo-: hd., 1-da.;

ssi; hd., ant.,

kakasiya

ka-kas-ia;

ka-: ka 1-na., artd., aur.

drngd., klt.;

kas-: B1-na., aur.;

ia; aur., ant.;

anda.;


tfa., 1-da.;

mayda


hd., 1-da.; k

kishana.

ki-sha-na;

ki-: ka 3-ta., 1-da., aur.,

drngd., klt.;

sha-: B1-na., aur.;

na; aur., ant.;


Pietro Ali Ummat.

Berlin 05.01.20118.